Fans of traveling around the former CIS countries, and finding themselves in the Republic of Kazakhstan, will be interested to see the city of Atyrau. A small town is located in its western part. Its population is about 217 thousand people. But despite this, the city attracts with its amazing monuments of architecture, museums, modern buildings and history.
Atyrau (formerly Guriev), located in the lower reaches of the Ural River, in a place where, as is commonly believed, Europe and Asia diverge. The first wooden buildings on the site of the city were founded by a visiting merchant Gury Nazarov at the beginning of the 17th century. However, originally the city of Atyrau was called Yaitsky town, because it was located on the banks of the Yaik River (today the Urals). Only in the 19th century, the city was given the name of Guryev. And, the modern name of the city Atyrau acquired not so long ago, in the early 90s. 20th century.
Local History Museum
The museum was opened in 1940. At the moment, there are almost 60 thousand exhibitstelling about the history and culture of the people. The museum is divided into 8 exhibition halls. Here are archaeological finds in the form of various antiquities, the remains of people who lived in ancient times, rare birds and animals.
In the hall "Mystery of the Century" you can see the "Golden Man" (Saka warrior, in gold-trimmed clothes) of the 2nd century AD. BC, found by archaeologists during excavations of the Araltobe burial mound in 1999. In the same room there are other finds from the mound, here are photographs and copies of old ornaments, as well as the layout of the mound itself.
All the exclusivity of the culture and life of the Kazakh people can be felt, being in a real yurt of nomads, located in the ethnography hall of the museum. Here you can also consider various items of everyday life, collections of silver, national costumes.
Materials on the flora and fauna of the area, their changes in different eras, are in the hall "nature of the region." The remains of mammoths, expositions of rare birds and animals are gathered in this room.
The most interesting exhibit in the archaeological hall of the museum is considered to be a jug found in the ancient village of Saraichik, in which excerpts of poems from an oriental poet of the 18th century are written.Location: Bauyrzhan Momyshuly street.
Museum of Art and Applied Arts named after S.Sariev
The Sh.Sariev Museum has collected in itself the paintings of Kazakh and local Atyrau artists, objects of decorative and applied art. It was discovered in 1992. And today, in the museum area almost 1000m² There are about 1300 masterpieces of art. Seven themed halls are expositions where you can admire the works of ancient and modern masters.Location: Azattyk Ave. - 11.
In the center of Atyrau, it is impossible not to notice the most beautiful architectural monument of the 19th century - the Assumption Cathedral. The cathedral was built at the expense of the local merchant F. Tudakov and it was built about 10 years. The area of the Cathedral is 230 m², and its height is 40 meters. The architecture of the Cathedral is made in the pseudo-Russian style and is crowned with seven gilded domes.Location: Isatai Taimanov Avenue - 4.
Unusual building in the central part of Atyrau, Muslim mosque "Imangali". This modern building was built under the guidance of architect Sh. Yusupova. The solid size of the mosque, an area of almost 10,000m² can accommodate up to 700 people.The temple with whitewashed walls, a pair of towers on the sides and a huge blue dome, includes a central hall with balconies and a hall for women, fenced off by a grating. The mosque looks original among modern office buildings, attracting the views of tourists and visitors to the city. Location: Kanysh Satpayev Avenue - 15.
Pedestrian bridge "10 years of independence"
Another unique place of the city is the bridge for pedestrians across the Ural River, built to celebrate the independence of the Republic. Its feature lies in the design and location. It was designed in such a way that when raising water in the spring, it does not interfere with sturgeon breeding and the passage of vessels.
This bridge is more than half a kilometer long and is recognized as the only pedestrian suspension bridge of this size. It is also interesting in that the two sides of the bridge are located on different continents, one in Asia and the other in Europe. The name of the bridge says that it was constructed in honor of the tenth year of the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Monuments of Atyrau
Among the most visited monuments of the city are monuments to the famous composers Dina Nurpeisova and Kurmangazy Sagyrbaiuly, the performers of their compositions on the Kazakh musical instrument - dombra. Kurmangazy with his works tried to convey all the injustice, oppression and hard fate of ordinary people.
The successor of Kurmangazy, became his student Dina Nurpeisova. Her game on the dombra was unique. Dina was able to relate classical and modern genres in performance.
The monument to Sultan Beibars in the center of the city can tell an interesting story about the Sultan kidnapped in Egypt in the 13th century and sold into slavery, and after the ransom, sent to military service. His life was closely associated with the Kazakh nomads, which symbolizes the yurt and the pyramid in the composition of the monument.
Architectural and memorial complex "Isatay-Makhambet"
The complex is not only an equestrian monument to M. Utemisov and Isatay, this includes the Akzhol alley and a mini-park. The entire territory of the complex is located on almost 50,000 m². The monument itself was erected in 1992. The two greatest men, the poet and the warrior, embodied in this monument the whole force of their emotions, bravely telling about the freedom and independence of the common people.
Drama Theater named after Makhambet Utemisov
The regional theater was opened in the late 30s. 20th century. Initially, the actors who played in the theater were gifted graduates of the Kazakh theater studio. The theater has repeatedly participated in festivals and competitions of the Republic, was able to earn a public vocation and take a high place in the cultural life of Atyrau and the Atyrau region.Location: Abay Street - 8.
The Settlement of Saraichik
The ancient settlement of the 13th century, Shed, is located fifty kilometers from Atyrau. In those days, the famous trading city flourished thanks to the trade routes that passed through it.
However, the true age of this village is calculated by earlier dates. Back in the 10th century, on the site of the Shed there was a more ancient settlement. This amazing town was almost completely destroyed twice. Today, in place of the town you can see only the ruins of the once flourishing city. In its place, at present, a historical complex with a number of monuments and a museum is built.
Rocks from the chalk deposits of Mount Akkergeshen
The stunning view of the chalk cliffs of Akkeregeshin, not far from Atyrau, will not leave an indifferent look. Finding yourself among the chalk sculptures, created by nature itself, you can imagine about space travel to another planet.
Ak Mosque-Beket is a series of religious temples, the founder of which was the sage and healer of the 19th century. Completely white mosque made of chalk rocks. The complex itself contains underground rooms, burials, a temple in the rock, as well as part of memorials and monuments.